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Advantages and limitations of community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction projects

Taufika Ophiyandri (Department of Civil Engineering, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia)
Dilanthi Amaratunga (Global Disaster Resilience Centre, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK)
Kaushal Keraminiyage (Global Disaster Resilience Centre, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 12 September 2016

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the advantages and limitations of the implementation of a community-based method in post-disaster housing reconstruction.

Design/methodology/approach

The research was based on multiple case studies in the implementation of a community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction project (CPHRP) in Indonesia. Data were gathered by conducting semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire survey.

Findings

The research reveals 22 advantages of a CPHRP. Four advantages can be categorised as highly significant. They are create sense of ownership, fit to local culture/customs/wisdom, build beneficiaries’ confidence and minimize corruption. There are some advantages that cannot be delivered if the housing reconstruction is conducted using a contractor-based approach. It was also found that psychological advantages are more dominant than the physical advantages. Despite its numerous advantages, CPHRP has limitations. First, it requires a long pre-construction process and, second, there is a limitation with regard to the capacity of implementer and there are limitations within the community itself.

Originality/value

This paper is very specific because it attempts to discover the advantages and limitations of a CPHRP.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The research is funded by DIKTI scholarship, Directorate General of Higher Education, Ministry of National Education, Republic of Indonesia and Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Andalas University, Indonesia. This paper is based on a previous version, “Advantages and limitations of community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction project”, The “State of DRR at the Local Level, A 2015 Report on the Patterns of Disaster Risk Reduction Actions at Local Level, The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

Citation

Ophiyandri, T., Amaratunga, D. and Keraminiyage, K. (2016), "Advantages and limitations of community-based post-disaster housing reconstruction projects", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 420-431. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-08-2014-0066

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited