To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Barriers and enablers of coastal disaster resilience – lessons learned from tsunami in Sri Lanka

Danidu Kusal Rathnayake (University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Devmini Kularatne (University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Sonali Abeysinghe (University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)
Ishani Shehara (University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Thilanga Fonseka (University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Sameera Darshana Jayasooriya Edirisinghe Mudiyanselage (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Peradeniya Faculty of Engineering, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
Wathuwala Gedara Chaminda Thushara Kamalrathne (Department of Sociology, University of Peradeniya Faculty of Arts, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
Chandana Siriwardana (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)
Chaminda Senarathna Bandara Alagiyawanna Mohotti Appuhamilage (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Peradeniya Faculty of Engineering, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka)
Ranjith Dissanayake (Department of Civil Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Kandy, Sri Lanka)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 21 January 2020

Issue publication date: 13 March 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to evaluate the coastal disaster resilience and the disaster management framework of Sri Lanka, by conducting a case study in a few coastal areas in the district of Matara which were majorly affected in 2004 by the Indian Ocean Tsunami. Although it has been 15 years since the disaster struck the country, Sri Lanka is still struggling in building back better. This reveals the need to strengthen the action plan toward coastal disaster management by identifying the barriers and challenges that still exist in policies and frameworks, the use of technology in evacuation planning, implementation of evacuation plans and capacity building of the community.

Design/methodology/approach

This study was conducted through structured and in-depth interviews among the general public and government officials targeting the eventual outcome as to ascertain barriers incorporated with the disaster management framework and then possible improvements to the framework were identified and suggested.

Findings

The findings showed that the practice of an administrative-oriented disaster management framework was a key element in creating a welfare-oriented community that is still building back better in Matara, which was one of the worst affected cities in the country during the 2004 Tsunami.

Originality/value

This paper facilitates resilience development by identifying the overall development of the system after 2004. The required modifications needed to strengthen the system have thereby been identified through the developed output which was produced by analyzing the barriers and challenges.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was conducted with the financial aid from CABARET (Capacity Building in Asia for Resilience Education), a project of the European Union’s Erasmus + Programme - Key Action 2 - Capacity Building in the field of higher education.

The European Commission’s support for the production of this publication does not constitute an endorsement of the contents, which reflects the views only of the authors, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use, which may be made of the information contained therein.

Citation

Rathnayake, D.K., Kularatne, D., Abeysinghe, S., Shehara, I., Fonseka, T., Edirisinghe Mudiyanselage, S.D.J., Kamalrathne, W.G.C.T., Siriwardana, C., Alagiyawanna Mohotti Appuhamilage, C.S.B. and Dissanayake, R. (2019), "Barriers and enablers of coastal disaster resilience – lessons learned from tsunami in Sri Lanka", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 275-288. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-07-2019-0050

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited