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Exploring residential characteristics as determinants of household adaptation to climate change in Lagos, Nigeria

Olasunkanmi Habeeb Okunola (The Global Change Institute (GCI) and Sch. Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies (GAES), University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa)
Abdullateef Iyanda Bako (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 1 December 2021

Issue publication date: 6 January 2023

236

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors influencing residents’ adaptation strategies to climate change effects in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria.

Design/methodology/approach

The metropolis was stratified into low, medium and high residential densities. Across the residential densities, questionnaires were administered on 384 residents. The questionnaire addressed issues on resident’s socio-economic and demographic attributes, awareness of climate change and factors influencing residents’ adaptation to climate change. Data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics.

Findings

Result indicated that the adaptation strategies adopted by residents in the different residential areas were similar but varied in magnitude as denoted by the resident response index RRI (RRIh = 3.32, RRIm = 3.39 and RRIl = 3.41). The multiple regression analysis computed indicated the residential characteristics such as education, average monthly income, age, house type and house ownership (p < 0.05) were significant factors influencing resident’s level of climate change adaptation strategies adopted.

Research limitations/implications

The study could be strengthened by looking at specific climate change effects such as floods or drought in major cities of Nigeria. Hence, the view presented in this paper may not be considered generalizable to the impacts of climate change in the study area.

Originality/value

In recent years, research studies on human adaptation and coping strategies to climate change have generated considerable development interest. This study contributed to this growing area of research by examining the factors influencing residents’ adaptation strategies to climate change in Lagos Metropolis, Nigeria.

Keywords

Citation

Okunola, O.H. and Bako, A.I. (2023), "Exploring residential characteristics as determinants of household adaptation to climate change in Lagos, Nigeria", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 115-131. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-06-2021-0060

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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