To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Site selection criteria for temporary sheltering in urban environment

Katayoun Jahangiri (Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Hasti Borgheipour (Department of Environmental Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)
Saeid Bahramzadeh Gendeshmin (Department of Health, Safety and Environment, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Amirhossein Matin (Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)
Ghazaleh Monazami Tehrani (Department of Health, Safety and Environment, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 15 November 2019

Issue publication date: 17 January 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The inevitable occurrence of natural disasters and crisis arising from them causes a lot of losses globally, particularly in disaster-prone countries such as Iran. One of the main issues considered by organizations involved in crisis management is the selection of suitable sites for temporary sheltering for disaster victims. This study aims to choose safe places to establish temporary sheltering in urban environment.

Design/methodology/approach

Initially, relevant factors are identified by reviewing literature and through consultation with disaster experts. Next, the important layers were collected and analytical hierarchy process was used to assess the criteria weights based on their effectiveness on selection of safe sites for temporary sheltering. Finally, for integrating layers of factors, overlay and fuzzy models were used in Geographic Information System (GIS) environment, and subsequently, a proper map was prepared and suitable areas were identified.

Findings

7 main criteria and 19 sub-criteria were selected to provide safe places for temporary sheltering. The results of fuzzy model in this study provide more accurate and limited safe areas for temporary sheltering when compared to index overlay model.

Originality/value

The results of this study will help decision-makers and local and regional managers to reduce the vulnerability of at-risk communities in urban environments. Moreover, choosing appropriate places for temporary shelters would help build community disaster resilience according to these criteria.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the support provided by the School of Health, Safety and Environment, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

Citation

Jahangiri, K., Borgheipour, H., Gendeshmin, S.B., Matin, A. and Monazami Tehrani, G. (2019), "Site selection criteria for temporary sheltering in urban environment", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 58-70. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-06-2018-0025

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited