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The development of inter-regional and intra-regional cooperation frameworks for multi-hazard early warning systems in South and South-East Asia

Ruben Paul Borg (Faculty for the Built Environment, University of Malta, Msida, Malta)
Glorianne Borg Axisa (University of Malta, Msida, Malta)
Taufika Ophiyandri (Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia)
Abdul Hakam (Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia)

International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment

ISSN: 1759-5908

Article publication date: 12 October 2020

Issue publication date: 24 May 2021

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to provide a framework for building resilience to coastal hazards with reference to Asian nations at the local, intra-regional and inter-regional levels. This framework provides a roadmap that will enable higher education institutions in the region to play a significant role in educating and training new leaders for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and in working directly with local communities to implement plans.

Design/methodology/approach

Events such as the 2004 tsunami highlighted the transboundary nature of coastal hazard and the importance of regional cooperation. A framework for inter- and intra-regional cooperation was developed through focus groups organised with community participants in five Asian nations exposed to coastal risks: Sri Lanka, Maldives, Myanmar, Indonesia and the Philippines.

Findings

Different stakeholders assessed inter- and intra-regional cooperation at different levels as a means to provide a baseline scenario to develop a capacity-building roadmap for such cooperation. The discussions organised through structured face-to-face encounters considered cooperation at different scales: international, regional, national and local. The framework key areas were developed and included knowledge databases, data and resource sharing and exchange education programmes.

Originality/value

Multi-hazard early warning for more resilient coastal communities is increasingly complex in view of the discourse related to the wider economic and social environments. The research proposes a framework for inter- and intra-regional cooperation at different scales; from local to regional and to the inter-continental dimensions and even through a bottom-up approach, together with the experts’ and managing authorities’ top-down positions.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The research work was conducted within the framework of the CABARET Research Project (Capacity Building in Asia for Resilience EducaTion). The workshop activities were conducted in Kandy, Sri Lanka (March 2018), Yangon, Myanmar (October 2018), Manila, Philippines (March 2019). The authors would like to thank the partner Universities hosting the meetings and the workshops. The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the project partners and the Work Package 5 workshop and focus group expert participants for their active contribution and for sharing their knowledge in MHEW.

Citation

Borg, R.P., Borg Axisa, G., Ophiyandri, T. and Hakam, A. (2021), "The development of inter-regional and intra-regional cooperation frameworks for multi-hazard early warning systems in South and South-East Asia", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 12 No. 3, pp. 265-279. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-05-2020-0036

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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