Transport infrastructure resilience is of paramount importance for societies, therefore its quantification is urgently needed. A resilience assessment framework based on well-informed resilience indices is presented and applied for assessing the resilience of representative bridges exposed to earthquakes.
The framework quantifies the robustness of bridges against different seismic hazard scenarios, by using realistic fragility functions and the rapidity of the recovery and/or retrofitting after the occurrence of a certain degree of damage, based on realistic restoration functions.
Two different approaches for the modeling of the restoration tasks are examined. Both direct losses due to structural damage and indirect losses due to traffic disruption are estimated.
A new cost-based resilience index is introduced and alternate approaches for expressing the restoration strategies are examined and assessed. The results facilitate owners to enhance cost-based resilience management toward more resilient infrastructure.
Dr Sotirios A. Argyroudis would like to acknowledge the support of the European Commission under the H2020-Marie Skłodowska-Curie Research Grants Scheme MSCA-IF-2016 (grant agreement No 746298: TRANSRISK – Vulnerability and risk assessment of transportation systems of assets exposed to geo-hazards).
Argyroudis, S.A., Nasiopoulos, G., Mantadakis, N. and Mitoulis, S.A. (2021), "Cost-based resilience assessment of bridges subjected to earthquakes", International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 209-222. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDRBE-02-2020-0014
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