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Technical assistance for innovation development from and to developing country: Case study of Indonesia’s foreign aid to Timor-Leste

Ahmad Hidayat (Department of International Relations, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia)
Asra Virgianita (Department of International Relations, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia)

International Journal of Development Issues

ISSN: 1446-8956

Article publication date: 17 July 2019

Issue publication date: 20 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Innovation is a fundamental element for developing countries’ development. For instance, the innovation process should be integral to a country’s development plan for it to achieve high standard socio-economic development. For this reason, the global development agenda in the contemporary era underline innovation as a crucial issue to be addressed within development assistance programs. The Global North as traditional donors predominantly contend that innovation should be supported by high private sector development (PSD), and therefore, emphasizes this agenda to be delivered through their foreign aid schemes. However, this character differs considerably as compared to new emerging donors with insufficient PSD capacity, such as Indonesia. This paper aims to examine Indonesia’s technical assistance (TAC) to Timor-Leste and scrutinizes whether or not it supports the innovation development of the receiving country.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used a qualitative method by conducting a literature review, document tracing and depth interview with Indonesia’s South–South Cooperation National Coordinating Team.

Findings

Based on this study, it can be proven that Indonesia’s TAC has the ability to support innovation development in Timor-Leste as a least developed country. This is because Indonesia’s TAC is directed toward knowledge sharing and technology transfer that are needed by Timor-Leste. Other supporting conditions, such as similarity in the process of development, shared principles and solidarity ties among developing countries, have also created a more decent environment for aid delivery. Thus, aid initiatives among developing countries must remain to be supported as key to attain mutual progress and collective self-reliance.

Originality/value

This study shows that Indonesia as an emerging economic has the capability to support innovation development of other developing countries. It was a new area of study but has a lot of potential to be explored such as effectiveness and interests.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This paper is supported by the Universitas Indonesia through the student thesis grant, Hibah PITTA 2018.

Citation

Hidayat, A. and Virgianita, A. (2019), "Technical assistance for innovation development from and to developing country: Case study of Indonesia’s foreign aid to Timor-Leste", International Journal of Development Issues, Vol. 18 No. 3, pp. 353-365. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDI-11-2018-0184

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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