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Spatial econometric analysis of digital financial inclusion in China

Xiao-Ling Song (Business School, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing, China)
Ya-Ge Jing (Department of Financial Statistics and Data Analysis, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing, China)
Kade'erya Akeba'erjiang (Department of International Economics and Politics, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing, China)

International Journal of Development Issues

ISSN: 1446-8956

Article publication date: 9 December 2020

Issue publication date: 6 July 2021

455

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to empirically analyze the factors influencing digital financial inclusion in China.

Design/methodology/approach

Using panel data from 31 provinces in China for the years 2011-2018, the study constructed spatial econometric models for regression analysis at the national and regional levels.

Findings

Economic development, government intervention, internet penetration and the development of the credit level significantly affected the development of digital financial inclusion in China. However, the specific influence of the various factors varied by province. Provinces with less-developed economies generally had weaker economic foundations and underdeveloped digital financial services, making it more difficult to fully achieve digital financial inclusion.

Practical implications

Relevant government policies should strengthen digital infrastructure and improve the organizational systems and services of digital finance to support the balanced development of digital financial services in China.

Originality/value

China’s e-commerce development has been at the global forefront for decades, which suggests digital financial inclusion is also well-placed for strong development in China. However, quantitative research on the digital financial inclusion index has remained insufficient in China and worldwide, with most research ignoring the status of different development levels in a different region. To address this gap in the literature, this study empirically researched the status, regional differences and causes associated with these differences that impact digital financial inclusion in China.

Keywords

Citation

Song, X.-L., Jing, Y.-G. and Akeba'erjiang, K. (2021), "Spatial econometric analysis of digital financial inclusion in China", International Journal of Development Issues, Vol. 20 No. 2, pp. 210-225. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDI-05-2020-0086

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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