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Natural resource abundance and income inequality: a case study of Algeria

Sidi Mohammed Chekouri (Department of Economics, University Centre of Maghnia, Maghnia, Algeria)

International Journal of Development Issues

ISSN: 1446-8956

Article publication date: 28 June 2023

Issue publication date: 1 November 2023

121

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to present an empirical investigation on the effect of natural resource rent on income inequality in Algeria over the period 1980–2020.

Design/methodology/approach

The analysis is carried out by using the novel developed method dynamic autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) simulation technique alongside the Kernel-based regularized least squares.

Findings

The bounds test revealed a long-run relationship between natural resource rent and income inequality. Our estimation results suggest that natural resource rent, GDP per capita and government expenditures are all associated with lower income inequality in the short and long term. Moreover, the author found that better institutional quality is more likely to reduce income inequality in Algeria. This empirical finding is further validated by the counterfactual shocks from the dynamic ARDL simulation, which reveal a significant decrease in predicted income inequality following a positive change in resource rents and a gradual, significant increase in inequality after a negative change in resource rents.

Originality/value

The present study is the first to use the dynamic ARDL model to investigate the impact of positive and negative changes in natural resource rent on income inequality in Algeria.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research was carried out under the aegis of the Directorate General for Scientific Research and Technological Development (DGRSDT), the Algerian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research.

Competing interests: The author declares that he has no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

Funding: The author received no financial support for the research.

Citation

Chekouri, S.M. (2023), "Natural resource abundance and income inequality: a case study of Algeria", International Journal of Development Issues, Vol. 22 No. 3, pp. 325-344. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJDI-02-2023-0027

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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