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Linking internal marketing orientation to balanced scorecard outcomes in small businesses: the case of travel agencies

Javad Khazaei Pool (Department of Management, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran)
Masood Khodadadi (School of Business and Enterprise, University of the West of Scotland, Paisley, UK)
Ezat Amirbakzadeh Kalati (Department of Tourism, State University of Semnan, Semnan, Iran)

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research

ISSN: 1750-6182

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine how internal marketing orientation affects balanced scorecard outcomes (financial performance, customer, internal process, learning and growth) in a small service businesses context.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing from the small businesses, the relationship between internal marketing orientation and performance is hypothesized and tested. A structural equation modeling (SEM) test with maximum likelihood estimation was performed to test the relationship between the research variables.

Findings

The results obtained from the SEM analyzes revealed that internal marketing orientation positively impacts the levels of financial and non-financial performance. The results also indicate that non-financial performance measures (that is, customer, internal process, learning and growth) directly affect financial performance.

Originality/value

This study unpacks the mechanism between internal marketing orientation and balanced scorecard outcomes and contributes to the academic research of internal marketing orientation in the context of small businesses.

Keywords

Citation

Khazaei Pool, J., Khodadadi, M. and Amirbakzadeh Kalati, E. (2017), "Linking internal marketing orientation to balanced scorecard outcomes in small businesses: the case of travel agencies", International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 297-308. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCTHR-03-2016-0024

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited