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Determining the temperature ratings of infant bedding

Shu Jiang (College of Fashion and Design, Donghua University, Shanghai, China)
Xinyu Xu (College of Fashion and Design, Donghua University, Shanghai, China)
Yunyi Wang (College of Fashion and Design, Donghua University, Shanghai, China) (Key Laboratory of Clothing Design and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai, China)
Jun Li (College of Fashion and Design, Donghua University, Shanghai, China) (Key Laboratory of Clothing Design and Technology, Donghua University, Shanghai, China)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 5 January 2023

3

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the temperature ratings of infant bedding.

Design/methodology/approach

Mathematical models were developed for predicting temperature ratings of infant bedding for all age groups based on the thermal balance equation. These models were validated by the published physiological data and the baby manikin tests. The air temperature was compared with the predicted temperature rating, and the skin temperature of infant or baby manikin was used to explain the validation results.

Findings

The models had higher prediction accuracy, especially for the infant bedding with uniformly distributed thermal insulation. The results showed that an increase of 1 clo in thermal insulation caused a decrease of 4.2–6.0 °C in temperature rating. The slope of the model reduced with the increasing month-age, indicating that an older infant had a lower temperature rating than a younger infant.

Practical implications

Suggestions were given for caregivers that younger infants ought to be covered with more bedding than adults; however, older infants were expected to require less bedding.

Originality/value

The outcomes provided scientific guidelines on the selection of bedding for infants at a particular room temperature to ensure the health and safety of infants.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant NO. 2232023G-08), International Cooperation Fund of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (Grant NO. 21130750100) and Graduate Student Innovation Fund of Donghua University (Grant NO. CUSF-DH-D-2022048).

Citation

Jiang, S., Xu, X., Wang, Y. and Li, J. (2023), "Determining the temperature ratings of infant bedding", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-09-2021-0135

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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