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Measuring electromagnetic shielding efficiency of 1×1 plain knitted fabrics

Bahadur Goonesh Kumar (Department of Textile Technology, University of Mauritius, Moka, Mauritius)
Satyadev Rosunee (DASED – Department of Textile Technology, University of Mauritius, Moka, Mauritius)
Mark Bradshaw (Department of Textile, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

In this research project, electrical conductive yarns were knitted together with 100 per cent cotton yarns to create knitted fabrics that would be used as electromagnetic (EM) shielding materials. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

1×1 plain fabrics knitted on double-bed hand knitting machines of five and seven gauges. Several strands of the cotton yarns were used together in order to knit samples with good handling properties. The electrical conductive yarn has six plies and each ply has 29 filaments with Naño-coating of silver and having an electrical resistance of 4 Ohms per 100 mm and a count of 96 Tex. The knitted fabrics have similar texture but vary in term of specific weight, fabric density, loop length, Tex, tightness factor, thickness and electrical conductivity. These variations affected the properties of the fabrics, determining factors of a good shielding or not. A special designed Faraday cage was built to measure the EMSE of each knitted fabrics. The EM waves were sent through the signal generator at different frequencies as from 400 to 1,100 MHz and with three different power inputs of 10, 20 and 30 dBm. EMSE measurements were also carried out after the knitted samples were rotated clockwise.

Findings

Good EMSE shielding results were achieved with the knitted samples, however in this study it was found that different knitted fabrics shielded better at specific frequencies and power inputs.

Practical implications

Knitted fabrics can be used to develop comfortable garments that can be used to shield EM waves and protect the wearer.

Originality/value

The choice of using the conductive yarns is exclusive. In addition the EMSE were measured with fabrics knitted in the same structure but on different knitting machine gauge. Three different power inputs were considered and EMSE measurements were taken using frequencies as from 400 to 1,100 MHz. A new method for measuring the electrical resistance on the knitted fabrics and the method used for measuring the EMSE for each knitted fabric were considered.

Keywords

Citation

Kumar, B.G., Rosunee, S. and Bradshaw, M. (2017), "Measuring electromagnetic shielding efficiency of 1×1 plain knitted fabrics", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 525-538. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-08-2016-0100

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited