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Performance analysis of the mechanical behaviour of seams with various sewing parameters for nylon canopy fabrics

D. Vijay Kirubakar Raj (Department of Textile Technology, Anna University, Chennai, India)
M. Renuka Devi (Department of Textile Technology, Anna University, Chennai, India)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 7 August 2017



The purpose of this paper is to make available to the parachute industry tools to predict behaviour of certain textile materials. In addition to this, it is desired to reveal and explain the basic requirement criteria for proper textile material selection. The strength of an assembly as a whole is directly dependent on the strengths of the various joints and seams required to assemble the larger structure. Keeping in mind the complex problem of parachute construction, this research seeks to enlighten the industry about the performance of seams in nylon woven canopy fabrics. Five factors have been studied: different types of weave (plain, rip-stop and twill), density (number of stitches per centimetre), different rows of stitches with lapped seams, different types of stitches (lock stitch, chain stitch and zig-zag) and seam direction (warp, weft and bias direction). Two responses have been analysed, the seam breaking force and the seam efficiency (per cent ratio of seam strength to fabric strength). The test results were subjected to an analysis of variance and the seam strength proved to vary significantly not only with the primary parameters, but with the interactions of the primary parameters as well. That is seam strength (and seam efficiency) changes with each primary parameter but it changes in a different manner when other parameters change. Multiple regressions have been used to construct preliminary predictor equations for seam strength and efficiency, and investigations to provide better equations are in progress.


ANOVA techniques and statistical regression equations were formed.


The work has concluded that twill weave 9 with chain stitch has the maximum seam strength, which makes canopies made with 2/1 twill weave and stitched with lapped seam with four rows of chain stitch optimum for heavy supply droppings with a single use parachute(s). It is evident from the results that twill weave with lock stich has the maximum seam efficiency. This makes the canopies stitched with twill fabric, constructed with lapped seams and four rows of stitches ideal for parachutes to be used multiple times. The brake parachutes on aircrafts and parachutes used by sky divers and air combat soldiers can use parachutes whose canopies can be used many times made out of the above mentioned weave and stitch specification.


Original work was conducted from the woven fabrics.



Raj, D.V.K. and Devi, M.R. (2017), "Performance analysis of the mechanical behaviour of seams with various sewing parameters for nylon canopy fabrics", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 29 No. 4, pp. 470-482.



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