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A review of the current status of microfiber pollution research in textiles

R. Rathinamoorthy (Fashion Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, India)
S. Raja Balasaraswathi (Fashion Technology, PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore, India)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 16 October 2020

Issue publication date: 29 April 2021

679

Abstract

Purpose

Microfiber is one of the major sources of microplastic emission into the environment. In recent times, research on microfiber has gained momentum, and research across different disciplines was performed. However, no complete study was performed from the viewpoint of textiles to analyse the microfiber shedding behaviour by relating the properties textiles. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the microfiber shedding behaviour in textiles.

Design/methodology/approach

Articles on the microfiber shedding across different disciplines were collected and analysed systematically to identify the influencing factor. The influence of laundry parameters is found to be majorly discussed section, yet very few research data is found on the effect of yarn and fabric properties on the microfiber shedding.

Findings

Most of the articles listed laundry detergent addition, higher temperature, use of softeners, type of washing machines used and amount of liquid used as the major factors influencing the fiber shedding. Concerning the fiber and yarn characteristics, yarn twist, fiber type (staple/filament), method of production, fabric structure and specific density are reported as influencing factors. Some articles highlighted the influence of ageing of textiles on the fiber shedding.

Originality/value

The review identified the research gap in the textile sector and reports that so far, no research performed on microfiber shedding with the textile parameters. The review further urges the importance of research works to be performed in the textile by considering the fabric and yarn properties.

Keywords

Citation

Rathinamoorthy, R. and Raja Balasaraswathi, S. (2021), "A review of the current status of microfiber pollution research in textiles", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 364-387. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-04-2020-0051

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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