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CFD based study of thermal sensation of occupants using thermophysiological model. Part I: Mathematical model, implementation and simulation of the room air flow effect

George Pichurov (Hydroaerodynamics and Hydraulic Machines, Technical University Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria)
Radostina Angelova (Department of Textiles, Technical University Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria)
Iskra Simova (Hydroaerodynamics and Hydraulic Machines, Technical University Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria)
Iosu Rodrigo (Universidad Publica de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)
Peter Stankov (Hydroaerodynamics and Hydraulic Machines, Technical University Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 28 October 2014

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to integrate a thermophysiological human body model into a CFD simulation to predict the dry and latent body heat loss, the clothing, skin and core temperature, skin wettedness and periphery blood flow distribution. The integration of the model allows to generate more realistic boundary conditions for the CFD simulation and allows to predict the room distribution of temperature and humidity originating from the occupants.

Design/methodology/approach

A two-dimensional thermophysiological body model is integrated into a CFD simulation to predict the interaction between the human body and room environment. Parameters varied were clothing insulation and metabolic activity and supply air temperature. The body dry and latent heat loss, skin wettedness, skin and core temperatures were predicted together with the room air temperature and humidity.

Findings

Clothing and metabolic activity were found to have different level of impact on the dry and latent heat loss. Heat loss was more strongly affected by changes in the metabolic rate than in the clothing insulation. Latent heat loss was found to exhibit much larger variations compared to dry heat loss due to the high latent heat potential of water.

Originality/value

Unlike similar studies featuring naked human body, clothing characteristics like sensible resistance and vapor permeability were accommodated into the present study. A method to ensure numerical stability of the integrated simulation was developed and implemented to produce robust and reliable simulation performance.

Keywords

Citation

Pichurov, G., Angelova, R., Simova, I., Rodrigo, I. and Stankov, P. (2014), "CFD based study of thermal sensation of occupants using thermophysiological model. Part I: Mathematical model, implementation and simulation of the room air flow effect", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 26 No. 6, pp. 442-455. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-03-2013-0030

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2014, Emerald Group Publishing Limited