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The influence of inkjet print parameters on warm/cool feeling and air permeability of printed textile substrates

Mladen Stančić (Department of Graphic Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Dragana Grujić (Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Nemanja Kašiković (Department of Graphic Engineering and Design, Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia)
Branka Ružičić (Department of Graphic Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Djordje Vujčić (Department of Graphic Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 3 October 2022

Issue publication date: 7 March 2023

137

Abstract

Purpose

The research aims to examine the varying influence of printed inkjet ink on the warm/cool feeling and air permeability of printed textile materials and thus on the thermal properties of printed garments.

Design/methodology/approach

The influence of different number of printing pass and different tone value (TV) coverage was examined. The tested samples were printed with water-based pigment inkjet inks with 10, 50 and 100% TVs with one, three and five printing passes. The tested samples were subjected to thermal characteristics testing by measuring the warm/cool feeling and air permeability before and after printing.

Findings

The research results showed that there is an increase in the value of the warm/cool feeling by increasing the amount of applied ink on the textile material, which occurs by increasing the TVs and the number of printing pass. At the same time values of air permeability decrease by increasing the number of printing pass, as well as by increasing TVs.

Originality/value

Based on the results, mathematical models of the dependence of the warm/cool feeling value of printed textile materials on the air permeability and parameters of digital inkjet printing were created. These models are important in clothing design because they show in advance the values of the warm/cool feeling of the clothes being designed and thus enable the design of clothes for different purposes with optimal esthetic and thermal properties.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors declare that the presented investigation is not in any conflict of interest. The research is financially supported by the Ministry of Scientific and Technological Development, Higher Education and Information Society of the Republic of Srpska, project No. 19.030/961-9-2/21 “Digital approach to the production of environmentally friendly packaging” and project No. 19.032/961-113/19.

Citation

Stančić, M., Grujić, D., Kašiković, N., Ružičić, B. and Vujčić, D. (2023), "The influence of inkjet print parameters on warm/cool feeling and air permeability of printed textile substrates", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 48-66. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-02-2022-0025

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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