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Optimal prototype design of dry textile electrode-based compression pants for surface electromyography measurements

Hyojeong Lee (Department of Fashion Design and Merchandising, Kongju National University, Gongju, Republic of Korea)
Yejin Lee (Department of Clothing and Textiles, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 24 October 2022

Issue publication date: 7 March 2023




To provide guidelines for the development of textile electrode compression pants that collect reliable signals during surface electromyography (sEMG) measurements and maintain a comfortable level of pressure.


To increase skin adhesion, 12 textile electrode bands for biceps brachii were prepared according to a combination of variables, namely, the type of the textile electrode, the pressure level and the presence or absence of an electrolyte. The dry textile electrode adopted herein was developed in terms of the size and material of the contact area, and a new electrode design was proposed. After examining the optimal design conditions by measuring the sEMGs during isometric exercise of the biceps brachii, prototype pants were designed based on the design variables that gave the most promising evaluation results. The completed prototype pants were verified through isometric thigh muscle exercises.


It was confirmed that the textile electrode was capable of EMG measurement with an excellent signal quality. Upon considering the comfort of wearing the device and the cost efficiency of dry electrodes, prototype pants that adopted a fit relative to a light clothing pressure (i.e. thigh: 1.3–1.9 kPa), and combined both silicon and silver thread embroidery with a wide contact area for stability, were designed and their sEMG measurements were confirmed.


In this study, wearable clothing based on textile electrodes was developed to ensure a comfortable fit from the wearer's perspective, and a design method was proposed for the development of low-cost SmartWear electrodes and circuits.



Funding: This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. NRF-2018R1C1B5086363) and Kongju National University in 2021.


Lee, H. and Lee, Y. (2023), "Optimal prototype design of dry textile electrode-based compression pants for surface electromyography measurements", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 120-134.



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