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The effects of elastane and finishing properties on wicking, drying and water vapour permeability properties of denim fabrics

Selin Hanife Eryuruk (Department of Textile Engineering, Faculty of Textile Technologies and Design, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey)

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology

ISSN: 0955-6222

Article publication date: 3 September 2019

Issue publication date: 22 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The liquid water and water vapour transfer properties of fabrics play an important and decisive role in determining thermal comfort properties of clothing systems. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the effects of fabric composition (98 percent cotton–2 percent elastane and 100 percent cotton) and finishing treatments (rigid, resin, bleaching and softening) on the wicking, drying and water vapour permeability (WVP) properties of denim fabrics.

Design/methodology/approach

The research design for this study consists of experimental study. Two fabric compositions (98 percent cotton–2 percent elastane and 100 percent cotton) and four finishing treatments (rigid, resin, bleaching and softening) were evaluated to see the effects of elastane and finishing treatments on wicking, drying and WVP properties of woven denim fabrics. Results were analysed statistically.

Findings

Experimental results showed that the transfer wicking, drying and WVP values of denim fabrics were significantly influenced by fabric weight, fibre composition and finishing treatments.

Practical implications

The wicking ability of sweat from the skin to the outer environment of a skin contact fabric layer is the primary requirement.

Originality/value

As a result of the literature review, it was seen that there are some studies in the literature about comfort properties of denim fabrics, but there is no study concerning the water vapour transmission, wicking and drying properties of denim fabrics.

Keywords

Citation

Eryuruk, S.H. (2020), "The effects of elastane and finishing properties on wicking, drying and water vapour permeability properties of denim fabrics", International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, Vol. 32 No. 2, pp. 208-217. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCST-01-2019-0003

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited