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Daily hotel demand forecasting with spatiotemporal features

Liyao Huang (School of Management, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China)
Cheng Li (School of Management, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China)
Weimin Zheng (School of Management, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 16 August 2022

Issue publication date: 2 January 2023




Given the importance of spatial effects in improving the accuracy of hotel demand forecasting, this study aims to introduce price and online rating, two critical factors influencing hotel demand, as external variables into the model, and capture the spatial and temporal correlation of hotel demand within the region.


For high practical implications, the authors conduct the case study in Xiamen, China, where the hotel industry is prosperous. Based on the daily demand data of 118 hotels before and during the COVID-19 period (from January to June 2019 and from January to June 2021), the authors evaluate the prediction performance of the proposed innovative model, that is, a deep learning-based model, incorporating graph convolutional networks (GCN) and gated recurrent units.


The proposed model simultaneously predicts the daily demand of multiple hotels. It effectively captures the spatial-temporal characteristics of hotel demand. In addition, the features, price and online rating of competing hotels can further improve predictive performance. Meanwhile, the robustness of the model is verified by comparing the forecasting results for different periods (during and before the COVID-19 period).

Practical implications

From a long-term management perspective, long-term observation of market competitors’ rankings and price changes can facilitate timely adjustment of corresponding management measures, especially attention to extremely critical factors affecting forecast demand, such as price. While from a short-term operational perspective, short-term demand forecasting can greatly improve hotel operational efficiency, such as optimizing resource allocation and dynamically adjusting prices. The proposed model not only achieves short-term demand forecasting, but also greatly improves the forecasting accuracy by considering factors related to competitors in the same region.


The originalities of the study are as follows. First, this study represents a pioneering attempt to incorporate demand, price and online rating of other hotels into the forecasting model. Second, integrated deep learning models based on GCN and gated recurrent unit complement existing predictive models using historical data in a methodological sense.



This research received grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71971179) and Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province, China (No. 2020J01033).


Huang, L., Li, C. and Zheng, W. (2023), "Daily hotel demand forecasting with spatiotemporal features", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 35 No. 1, pp. 26-45.



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