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Developing faithful stewardship for environment through green HRM

Umair Ahmed (Arab Open University Kingdom of Bahrain Branch, Manama, Bahrain)
Waheed Ali Umrani (Karachi School for Business and Leadership, Karachi, Pakistan)
Amna Yousaf (Department of Management and Marketing, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia)
Muhammad Athar Siddiqui (Karachi School for Business and Leadership, Karachi, Pakistan)
Munwar Hussain Pahi (PAF KIET, Karachi, Pakistan)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 24 August 2021

Issue publication date: 20 October 2021




This paper aims to assess the nexus between green human resource management (GHRM) practices, green culture, environmental responsibility and environmental performance (EP).


Using a supervisor-subordinated nested design and multi-time data collection approach through convenience sampling, the authors obtained 330 responses from 15 hotels operating in the metropolitan cities of Pakistan.


The study results indicate the prominence of GHRM practices toward enhancing hotels’ EP. The authors also found green culture and environmental responsibility as potential mediators in the direct association between GHRM and EP. In addition, the findings suggest that the GHRM and environmental association can be deeper when individuals exhibit green values and showcase green responsibility about their environment. Taken together, the findings of the present study found support for all direct and indirect hypothesized relationships hence, forwarding notable implications for theory and practice.

Research limitations/implications

This paper forwards both theoretical and practical implications. Drawing upon ability-motivation-opportunity (AMO) theory, this paper asserts that GHRM practices shall be used to improve EP through green values and environmental responsibility. The authors specifically suggest that pro-environment personnel practices can nourish green culture and a pro-environment sense of responsibility that facilitates in robust pro-environment results.


The study advances and addresses gaps found in prior studies to help support organizational scholars, practitioners and pro-environment enthusiasts to understand the interplay of GHRM, culture, responsibility and EP.



Conflict of Interest statement: The authors declare no conflict of interest.


Ahmed, U., Umrani, W.A., Yousaf, A., Siddiqui, M.A. and Pahi, M.H. (2021), "Developing faithful stewardship for environment through green HRM", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 33 No. 10, pp. 3115-3133.



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