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How does restaurant experienscape affect solo diners' emotions and dining satisfaction in Korea?

Soo Yeon Im (Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)
Sunhee Seo (Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 5 May 2023

Issue publication date: 30 January 2024

601

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the role of restaurant experienscape in affecting diners' emotions and satisfaction with solo dining, considering the moderating role of solo dining willingness and public self-consciousness (PSC).

Design/methodology/approach

In total, 403 Korean customers who had dined alone at restaurants in the past three months participated in this study. Structural equation modeling, including multiple group analysis, was conducted to examine the hypotheses.

Findings

The dining atmosphere influenced solo diners' positive emotions but not their negative emotions. Responses from other guests and the interactional fairness of employees affected solo diners' negative emotions but not their positive emotions. Food sensory influences both positive and negative emotions. This study found that PSC significantly moderated the effect of the dining atmosphere on positive emotions, and solo dining willingness significantly moderated the impact of food sensory on positive emotions.

Practical implications

This study suggests that restaurant managers should pay close attention to providing fair service to all customers by training and educating employees because the unfair treatment that solo diners receive from employees affects focal customers' negative emotions.

Originality/value

The experienscape model was applied to the solo dining context based on Mehrabian and Russell's (1974) stimulus–organism–response paradigm and Pizam and Tasci's (2019) experienscape concept, which reflects the growing trend in solo dining.

Keywords

Citation

Im, S.Y. and Seo, S. (2024), "How does restaurant experienscape affect solo diners' emotions and dining satisfaction in Korea?", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 36 No. 3, pp. 769-789. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-07-2022-0864

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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