The main purpose of this study is to identify the dimensions of hotel employees’ job risk perceptions and develop a measurement scale for this construct.
Four studies using a mixed-method design were conducted to develop and validate the scale of hotel employees’ perceived job risk (HEPJR). Study 1 identified the dimensions and initial items of HEPJR through a literature review and in-depth interviews. In Study 2, an explanatory factor analysis was perform to refine the preliminary items. Study 3 further refined the HEPJR scale through a confirmatory factor analysis. Study 4 confirmed that HEPJR is a 19-item scale through a cross-validation analysis.
A reliable and valid scale was developed to measure the following five dimensions of HEPJR: perceived human, equipment, internal environment, external environment and management risks. HEPJR and its dimensions significantly predict negative safety consequences and negative job satisfaction.
Employees in medium- and high-star-rated hotels in China were surveyed. Future research should test the HEPJR scale in other types of lodging formats (e.g. budget hotels, homestays and cruise ships) and different countries or regions.
Given the increasingly serious job risks faced by hotel employees, the HEPJR scale can become a benchmark for job risk identification, accident prevention and safety management.
This scale provides a clear conceptualization and an appropriate measurement tool of HEPJR from a risk-source perspective.
Funding: This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41971182), Humanities and Social Sciences Science Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 19YJAZH097) and Postgraduates’ Innovative Fund in Scientific Research of Huaqiao University (Grant No. 17013121020).
Xie, C., Zhang, J., Chen, Y., Morrison, A. and Lin, Z. (2020), "Measuring hotel employee perceived job risk: dimensions and scale development", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 32 No. 2, pp. 730-748. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-01-2019-0022Download as .RIS
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