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Understanding workplace bullying: Its effects on response and behavior in the hospitality industry

Hyo Sun Jung (Department of Culinary and Service Management, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)
Hye Hyun Yoon (Department of Culinary and Service Management, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management

ISSN: 0959-6119

Article publication date: 19 March 2018

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the effects of workplace bullying on the coping strategies (responses) and counterproductive behavior of hospitality employees.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consisted of 284 luxury hotel employees in the Korean hospitality industry. SPSS and AMOS were the statistical programs used to verify the hypotheses of the present study. Confirmatory factor analysis and reliability analysis were conducted to verify the validity and reliability of the measured items. Before verification of the hypotheses, directivity between factors derived through correlation analysis was verified, and causal relationships with regard to the three hypotheses were verified through the structural equation model.

Findings

Organizational and work-related bullying had a significant effect on task coping, whereas personal bullying had a significant effect on emotional and avoidance coping. The results also showed that positive task coping did not significantly affect counterproductive behavior, but negative coping, such as emotional and avoidance responses, significantly affected employees’ counterproductive behavior.

Originality/value

The present study verified that coping responses in work situations can differ depending on the type of workplace bullying that occurs. Task coping, a positive coping strategy, was affected by organizational and work-related bullying, whereas emotional and avoidance coping, negative coping strategies, were negatively affected by personal bullying. Consequently, the possibility of harmful actions against organizations varies depending on the coping strategies chosen by employees who are exposed to bullying. Therefore, appropriate education should be offered to employees to use positive and proactive work-oriented coping strategies when dealing with bullying rather than negative methods such as emotional or avoidance coping.

Keywords

Citation

Jung, H.S. and Yoon, H.H. (2018), "Understanding workplace bullying: Its effects on response and behavior in the hospitality industry", International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 30 No. 3, pp. 1453-1471. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-01-2017-0002

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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