Robust strategies of climate change mitigation in interacting energy, economy and land use systems

Marian Leimbach (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany)
Maryse Labriet (ENERIS Environment Energy Consultants, Madrid, Spain)
Markus Bonsch (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany)
Jan Philipp Dietrich (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany)
Amit Kanudia (KanORS-EMR, Noida, India)
Ioanna Mouratiadou (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany)
Alexander Popp (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany)
David Klein (Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany)

International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management

ISSN: 1756-8692

Publication date: 21 November 2016

Abstract

Purpose

Bioenergy is a key component of climate change mitigation strategies aiming at low stabilization. Its versatility and capacity to generate negative emissions when combined with carbon capture and storage add degrees of freedom to the timing of emission reductions. This paper aims to explore the robustness of a bioenergy-based mitigation strategy by addressing several dimensions of uncertainty on biomass potential, bioenergy use and induced land use change emissions.

Design/methodology/approach

Different mitigation scenarios were explored by two different energy-economy optimization models coupled to the same land use model, which provides a common basis for the second generation bioenergy dynamics in the two energy-economy models.

Findings

Using bioenergy is found to be a robust mitigation strategy as demonstrated by high biomass shares in primary energy demand in both models and in all mitigation scenarios.

Practical implications

A variety of possible storylines about future uses of biomass exist. The comparison of the technology choices preferred by the applied models helps understand how future emission reductions can be achieved under alternative storylines.

Originality/value

The presented comparison-based assessment goes beyond other comparison studies because both energy-economy models are coupled to the same land use model.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The research leading to these results has received funding from the EU Seventh Framework Programme under Grant Agreement No. 265170 (Project ERMITAGE – Enhancing Robustness and Model Integration for The Assessment of Global Environmental Change).

Citation

Leimbach, M., Labriet, M., Bonsch, M., Dietrich, J., Kanudia, A., Mouratiadou, I., Popp, A. and Klein, D. (2016), "Robust strategies of climate change mitigation in interacting energy, economy and land use systems", International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 8 No. 5, pp. 732-757. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-09-2015-0135

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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