The purpose of this paper is to show how climatic change in Africa is expected to lead to a higher occurrence of severe droughts in semiarid and arid ecosystems. Understanding how crop productions react to such events is, thus, crucial for addressing future challenges for food security and poverty alleviation.
The authors explored how temperature and rainfall patterns determined maize and beans production in Hai District in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania.
Annual food crops were particularly sensitive to the drought and maize and beans yields were lower than perennial crops during the years of drought. The authors also report strong and significant association between maize and beans production with temperature and rainfall patterns.
This study highlights how severe droughts can dramatically affect yields of annual crops and suggests that extreme climatic events might act as a major factor affecting agriculture production and food security, delaying or preventing the realization of the Millennium Development Goals.
This is the first study that highlights how severe droughts can dramatically affect yields of annual crops in Hai District contributing to other climate studies done elsewhere in Tanzania and the world at large.
The authors thank the staff at Hai District Council and Kilimanjaro International Airport Meteorological station for providing access to data used in this research. The authors also thank two anonymous reviewers for their valuable contribution to the improvement of this manuscript.
Munishi, L.K., Lema, A.A. and Ndakidemi, P.A. (2015), "Decline in maize and beans production in the face of climate change at Hai District in Kilimanjaro Region, Tanzania", International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 17-26. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-07-2013-0094
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