Stakeholder consultation and participation are central to the climate change policymaking process. The purpose of this paper is to assess the level of stakeholder participation in the Ghana National Climate Change Policy. It examines the actors in the policy space and the negotiations and tradeoffs made during the policymaking process. Finally, it outlines the steps undertaken to make the process participatory and consultative.
A qualitative method has been used for this paper. The research design involves a review of relevant literature on Ghana’s climate change regime, meeting reports and key informant interviews.
The findings indicate that the processes the policy underwent had extensive stakeholder participation. An uptake of evidence was from existing impact and vulnerability assessments, the first and second communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), scientific and research documents and expert knowledge. Key actors were identified and involved right from the beginning of the policymaking process. Although stakeholder participation was time-consuming, expensive and elongated, the policy process was vital for buy-in and ownership. The results also identified the need to include more stakeholders at the sub-regional levels in policymaking.
The study is the first of its kind detailing stakeholder participation in the climate change policy process in Ghana. It forms a good basis for comparative studies with similar policies in other countries. Thus, this paper fills an identified gap of the need to document climate change policymaking processes.
The author would like to thank the Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation, as well as the Ghana NCCP facilitation team. The team was led by Prof Chris Gordon who is the current Director of the Institute for Environment and Sanitation Studies, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana, Legon.
Lawson, E. (2016), "Negotiating stakeholder participation in the Ghana national climate change policy", International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 399-417. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-04-2015-0041Download as .RIS
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