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Evaluation of passive design strategies to achieve NZEB in the corporate facilities: the context of Bangladeshi subtropical monsoon climate

Md. Jewel Rana (Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh)
Md. Rakibul Hasan (Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh)
Md. Habibur Rahman Sobuz (Department of Building Engineering and Construction Management, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna, Bangladesh) (School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia)
Norsuzailina Mohamed Sutan (Department of Civil Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia)

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation

ISSN: 2398-4708

Article publication date: 11 November 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This study investigates the impact and economic viability of energy-efficient building envelope and orientation for contributing net zero energy building (NZEB) and suggests optimum thermal insulation thickness, optimum wall thickness, appropriate orientation and glazing types of window in the contexts of unique Bangladeshi subtropical monsoon climate.

Design/methodology/approach

The whole study was conducted through energy simulation perspective of an existing office building using building information modeling (BIM) and building energy modeling (BEM) tools which are Autodesk Revit 2017, Autodesk Green Building Studio (GBS) and eQUEST. Numerous simulation patterns were created for energy simulation considering building envelope parameters and orientations. A comprehensive data analysis of simulation results was conducted to sort out efficient passive design strategies.

Findings

The optimum thermal mass and thermal insulation thickness are 6.5 and 0.5 inches, respectively, considering energy performance and economic viability. This study highly recommends that a building should be designed with a small window-to-wall ratio in the south and west face. The window should be constructed with double glazing Low-E materials to reduce solar heat gain. The studied building saves 9.14% annual energy consumption by incorporating the suggested passive design strategies of this study.

Originality/value

The output of this work can add some new energy-efficient design strategies to Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC) because BNBC has not suggested any codes or regulations regarding energy-efficient passive design strategies. It will also be useful to designers of Bangladesh and other countries with similar subtropical climatic contexts which are located in Southeast Asia and Northern Hemisphere of Earth.

Keywords

Citation

Rana, M.J., Hasan, M.R., Sobuz, M.H.R. and Sutan, N.M. (2020), "Evaluation of passive design strategies to achieve NZEB in the corporate facilities: the context of Bangladeshi subtropical monsoon climate", International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBPA-05-2020-0037

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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