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Remediation and protection of masonry structures with crystallising moisture blocking treatment

Mazen J. Al-Kheetan (Department of Civil Engineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK)
Mujib M. Rahman (Department of Civil Engineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK)
Denis A. Chamberlain (DAC Consulting, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK) (Department of Civil Engineering, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK)

International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation

ISSN: 2398-4708

Article publication date: 9 April 2018

319

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of new and innovative crystallising materials, so-called moisture blockers, in protecting masonry structures from water ingress.

Design/methodology/approach

Two masonry wells were constructed: one with lime mortar and the other with cement-based mortar in order to hold water inside, and then a moisture blocking product was applied at dry and wet conditions to the negative hydrostatic pressure side. The moisture levels of both, the surfaces and the substrate, were then observed for 14 days.

Findings

Results demonstrated that moisture blocking materials are effective methods in reducing the levels of surface moisture for bricks, mortar-brick interface and mortar.

Originality/value

Moisture blockers use the available water in the masonry to block the passage of water to the surface of the masonry, filling pores, cracks and spaces at the interface between mortar and bricks. This approach will deliver a wider understanding of how water-based moisture blockers work and the scenarios in which they are best applied. The pursuit of possible environmentally friendly and sustainable materials for use in the construction industry is the key driver of this research.

Keywords

Citation

Al-Kheetan, M.J., Rahman, M.M. and Chamberlain, D.A. (2018), "Remediation and protection of masonry structures with crystallising moisture blocking treatment", International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation, Vol. 36 No. 1, pp. 77-92. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBPA-02-2017-0011

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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