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Performance drivers in Iberian companies in different economic cycles: new evidence using panel data

Maria Elisabete Neves (Polytechnic of Coimbra, Coimbra Business School | I SCAC, Coimbra, Portugal and Center for Transdisciplinary Development Studies (CETRAD), University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal)
Beatriz Lopes Cancela (CEBER – Faculdade de Economia, Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal and Polytechnic of Coimbra, Coimbra Business School | ISCAC, Coimbra, Portugal)
Vítor Manuel de Sousa Gabriel (Center for Studies and Advanced Training in Management and Economics (CEFAGE), School of Technology and Management, Polytechnic Institute of Guarda, Guarda, Portugal)

International Journal of Accounting & Information Management

ISSN: 1834-7649

Article publication date: 30 September 2022

Issue publication date: 31 January 2023

170

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to understand which factors determine the corporate performance of Portuguese and Spanish listed companies between 2011 and 2018, also considering the sub-period marked by the presence of the Troika in Portugal, between 2011 and 2014.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve this aim, panel data methodology was used, specifically the generalized method of moments (GMM) estimation method proposed by Arellano and Bond (1991), Arellano and Bover (1995) and Blundell and Bond (1998) for 110 non-financial companies from the Iberian Peninsula.

Findings

The results point out different signs and significance of the variables in the companies of the two countries. Regarding the sub-period, our results suggest that the intervention of the Troika in Portugal acted in a very different way from the neighboring country.

Originality/value

This research shows the importance of studying countries individually, even with small dimensions, to reinforce the path that is still necessary for more sustainable companies. Furthermore, when companies have strong governance structures, the harmful contagion from one neighboring country to another may not happen.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work is supported by national funds, through the FCT – Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UIDB/04011/2020.

The third author recognizes and is grateful for the FCT – Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (grant UIDB/04007/2020).

Citation

Neves, M.E., Cancela, B.L. and Gabriel, V.M.d.S. (2023), "Performance drivers in Iberian companies in different economic cycles: new evidence using panel data", International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, Vol. 31 No. 1, pp. 37-65. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJAIM-05-2022-0107

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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