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Do female and independent directors explain the two-way relationship between corporate social responsibility and earnings management of Chinese listed firms?

Muhammad Safdar Sial (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Islamabad, Pakistan)
Zheng Chunmei (School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China and Yunnan College of Business Management, Yunnan, China)
Nguyen Vinh Khuong (Faculty of Accounting and Auditing, University of Economics and Law, VNU-HCM, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam)

International Journal of Accounting & Information Management

ISSN: 1834-7649

Publication date: 5 August 2019

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore the possibility of a two-way relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and earnings management (accruals and real EM) with the moderating role of female and independent directors.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors use STATA to test the generalized method of moments on a sample of Chinese listed firms data over the period 2009-2015. The unbalanced sample obtained 3,481 observations from China stock market and accounting research database and CSR rating provided by Rankins.

Findings

The results indicate a significant negative relationship between two-way CSR and accrual-based EM. Moreover, female and independent directors moderate the two-way relationship between CSR and EM.

Research limitations/implications

The present study does not include all financial, insurance and investment firms to impact on CSR and EM. Further research might consist of family ownership to enhance the evidence for an emerging market.

Originality/value

This study primarily contributes to the literature on CSR, female and independent directors, and EM by providing evidence for the moderating role of female and independent directors on the two-way association between CSR and EM.

Keywords

Citation

Sial, M.S., Chunmei, Z. and Khuong, N.V. (2019), "Do female and independent directors explain the two-way relationship between corporate social responsibility and earnings management of Chinese listed firms?", International Journal of Accounting & Information Management, Vol. 27 No. 3, pp. 442-460. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJAIM-03-2018-0027

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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