An analysis of price interventions in an era of reform reversal

Priyodorshi Banerjee (Economic Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, India)

Indian Growth and Development Review

ISSN: 1753-8254

Publication date: 8 November 2013

Abstract

Purpose

To analyse the implications of signs of reform modification, stoppage or reversal, such as price controls, that have emerged in many developing economies, it is necessary to understand their efficiency consequences. This paper aims to study the effect of price interventions in imperfectly competitive product markets, to investigate whether reforms reversals are necessarily harmful.

Design/methodology/approach

The model assumes firm set prices and face sunk costs of entry.

Findings

The paper shows that a minimum price can induce a Pareto improvement, by preventing price wars and encouraging entry. The result is supported by empirical evidence from some developed economies, holds when sunk cost vanishes, and is robust to some extensions. A fixed price may be optimal in the environment investigated.

Originality/value

The results may be of interest to theorists and policy-makers interested in imperfectly competitive markets.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author is indebted to Manipushpak Mitra and Prabal Roy Chowdhury for many helpful comments. The author is also grateful to Sugata Marjit and Anjan Mukherji for useful discussions. All errors are mine alone.

Citation

Banerjee, P. (2013), "An analysis of price interventions in an era of reform reversal", Indian Growth and Development Review, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 164-194. https://doi.org/10.1108/IGDR-06-2012-0030

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2013, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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