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Open source software adoption for development of institutional repositories in university libraries of Islamabad

Muhammad Kabir Khan (H.U. Beg Library, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES), Islamabad, Pakistan)
Arslan Sheikh (Junaid Zaidi Library, COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan)

Information Discovery and Delivery

ISSN: 2398-6247

Article publication date: 12 May 2022

Issue publication date: 6 January 2023




This study aims to explore the present status of open-source institutional repository (IR) software’s usage in the university libraries of Islamabad. This study also investigates the views, satisfaction level and challenges of librarians in the adoption and use of IR software.


A survey was conducted to collect data from the Library Information Science (LIS) professionals working in the university libraries of Islamabad. Data were collected from all library professionals of the Islamabad university libraries by using a structured questionnaire. Out of the total 104 LIS professionals, 84 participated in the study with a response ratio of 80.76%.


The findings disclose that out of 23 universities recognized by Higher Education Commission (HEC) in Islamabad, 17 (public and private) have developed IRs. Currently, university libraries that have fully implemented the IRs are less as compared with those universities that have partially implemented IR software. However, a good number of university libraries are in the process to develop IRs. Free and open-source software is being used mostly in libraries as compared with in-house developed, locally developed or commercial software. The opinion of librarians about using IR software expressed a positive attitude of librarians. Some of the major challenges encountered by the librarians in using open-source IR software include selection of suitable software and materials for digitization, lack of cooperation from the parent organization, inadequate training opportunities and lack of skilled staff.

Research limitations/implications

This study is geographically limited to the university libraries in Islamabad.

Practical implications

This study will encourage the Pakistani LIS professionals to use open-source software for the development of IRs in their libraries.


This study concludes that the development of IRs in university libraries is a need of the hour. Although the launching of IRs requires certain skills and competencies, Pakistani librarians can overcome these challenges by mastering the ICT skills.



The principal author acknowledges the contribution of his co-author Mr Arslan Sheikh in reviewing, editing, revising and getting this paper published into this journal. The cooperation of the editor and anonymous reviewers in the peer review process is also acknowledged.


Kabir Khan, M. and Sheikh, A. (2023), "Open source software adoption for development of institutional repositories in university libraries of Islamabad", Information Discovery and Delivery, Vol. 51 No. 1, pp. 47-55.



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