Strategic talent management scholarship: a review of current foci and future directions

Alex Anlesinya (Department of Organisation and Human Resource Management, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana)
Kwasi Dartey-Baah (Department of Organisation and Human Resource Management, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana)
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah (Department of Organisation and Human Resource Management, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana)

Industrial and Commercial Training

ISSN: 0019-7858

Publication date: 3 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to review strategic talent management (STM) research with the aim of providing major insights into the under-explored themes, issues, theories and methods.

Design/methodology/approach

The method included a systematic review of studies from 2007 to 2019 in five reputable academic databases. In total, 51 studies met the inclusion criteria and were analysed.

Findings

STM can be leveraged to achieve several positive employee, organisational and macro-level outcomes. However, the realisation of these positive outcomes can be threatened by several challenges, which need to be addressed through the creation of conditions critical for the success of talent management strategies. Moreover, effective talent management strategy regime does not lie on the shoulders of just one individual but a collective responsibility of multiple stakeholders. The study also highlighted the digitalisation of STM, integration of ethical and responsible management principles into talent management strategies, and strategic management of unconventional of talent pools as key trends. Finally, several major weaknesses in the current STM scholarship from theoretical, content, context and methodological perspectives are discussed.

Research limitations/implications

Although the studies included in the analysis may not include all studies published during the study period, it is assumed that they provide a good representation of such studies.

Originality/value

Since no systematic study was conducted specifically on STM, this study contributes to the talent management literature by identifying several research issues and gaps while defining future directions of the field. It can, therefore, enrich STM debates, practices and policy making.

Keywords

Citation

Anlesinya, A., Dartey-Baah, K. and Amponsah-Tawiah, K. (2019), "Strategic talent management scholarship: a review of current foci and future directions", Industrial and Commercial Training, Vol. 51 No. 5, pp. 299-314. https://doi.org/10.1108/ICT-11-2018-0095

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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