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A novel heat sink design for simultaneous heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop reduction utilizing porous fins and magnetite ferrofluid

Mojtaba Bezaatpour (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran)
Mohammad Goharkhah (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, Tabriz, Iran)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 7 June 2019

Issue publication date: 11 September 2019

Abstract

Purpose

With development of the modern electronic and mechanical devices, cooling requirement has become a serious challenge. Innovative heat transfer enhancement methods are generally accompanied by undesirable increase of pressure drop and consequently a pumping power penalty. The current study aims to present a novel and easy method to manufacture a mini heat sink using porous fins and magnetite nanofluid (Fe3O4/water) as the coolant for simultaneous heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop reduction.

Design/methodology/approach

A three-dimensional numerical study is carried out to evaluate the thermal and hydrodynamic performance of the mini heat sink at different volume fractions, porosities and Reynolds numbers, using finite volume method. The solver specifications for discretization of the domain involve the SIMPLE, second-order upwind and second order for pressure, momentum and energy, respectively.

Findings

Results show that porous fins have a favorable effect on both heat transfer and pressure drop compared to solid fins. Creation of a virtual velocity slip on the channel-fin interfaces similar to the micro scale conditions and the flow permeation into the porous fins are the main mechanisms of pressure drop reduction. On the other hand, the heat transfer enhancement is attributed to the increase of the solid-fluid contact area and the improvement of the flow mixing because of the flow permeation into the porous fins. An optimal porosity for maximum convective heat transfer enhancement is obtained as a function of Reynolds number. However, taking both pressure drop and heat transfer effects into account, the overall heat sink performance is shown to be improved at high of Reynolds numbers, volume fractions and fin porosities.

Research limitations/implications

Thermal radiation and gravity effects are ignored, and thermal equilibrium is assumed between solid and fluid phases.

Originality/value

A maximum of 32 per cent increase of convective heat transfer is achieved along with a maximum of 33 per cent reduction in the pressure drop using porous fins and ferrofluid in heat sink.

Keywords

Citation

Bezaatpour, M. and Goharkhah, M. (2019), "A novel heat sink design for simultaneous heat transfer enhancement and pressure drop reduction utilizing porous fins and magnetite ferrofluid", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 29 No. 9, pp. 3128-3147. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-12-2018-0810

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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