Study on the transition process of a molten salt pump transporting media with crystalline particles by modeling test and numerical simulation

Chunlei Shao (College of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China and Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Green Process Equipment, Changzhou, China)
Aixia He (College of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China)
Zhongyuan Zhang (College of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China)
Jianfeng Zhou (College of Mechanical and Power Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 24 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study the transition process from the crystalline particles appearing before the pump inlet to the stable operation of the pump.

Design/methodology/approach

Firstly, a modeling test method was put forward for the high-temperature molten salt pump. Then, according to a modeling test scheme, the experiment of the solid–liquid two-phase flow was carried out by using a model pump similar to the prototype pump. Meanwhile, the numerical method to simulate the transition process of a molten salt pump was studied, and the correctness of the numerical model was verified by the experimental results. Finally, the transition process of the molten salt pump was studied by the verified numerical model in detail.

Findings

In the simulation of the transition process, it is more accurate to judge the end of the transition process based on the unchanged particle volume fraction (PVF) at the pump outlet than on the periodic fluctuation of the outlet pressure. The outlet pressure is closely related to the PVF in the pump. The variation of the outlet pressure is slightly prior to that of the PVF at the pump outlet and mainly affected by the PVF in the impeller and volute. After 0.63 s, the PVF at each monitoring point changes periodically, and the time-averaged value does not change with time.

Practical implications

This study is of great significance to further improve the design method of molten salt pump and predict the abrasion characteristic of the pump due to interactions with solid particles.

Originality/value

A numerical method is established to simulate the transition process of a molten salt pump, and a method is proposed to verify the numerical model of two-phase flow by modeling test.

Keywords

Citation

Shao, C., He, A., Zhang, Z. and Zhou, J. (2019), "Study on the transition process of a molten salt pump transporting media with crystalline particles by modeling test and numerical simulation", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-12-2018-0807

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Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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