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Efficiency assessment of using graphene nanoplatelets-silver/water nanofluids in microchannel heat sinks with different cross-sections for electronics cooling

Marjan Goodarzi (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lamar University, Beaumont, Texas, USA)
Iskander Tlili (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, Majmaah University, Al-Majmaah, Saudi Arabia)
Zhe Tian (School of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China)
Mohammad Reza Safaei (Division of Computational Physics, Institute for Computational Science, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam andFaculty of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 25 June 2019

Issue publication date: 15 January 2020

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to model the nanofluid flow in microchannel heat sinks having the same length and hydraulic diameter but different cross-sections (circular, trapezoidal and square).

Design/methodology/approach

The nanofluid is graphene nanoplatelets-silver/water, and the heat transfer in laminar flow was investigated. The range of coolant Reynolds number in this investigation was 200 ≤ Re ≤ 1000, and the concentrations of nano-sheets were from 0 to 0.1 vol. %.

Findings

Results show that higher temperature leads to smaller Nusselt number, pressure drop and pumping power, and increasing solid nano-sheet volume fraction results in an expected increase in heat transfer. However, the influence of temperature on the friction factor is insignificant. In addition, by increasing the Reynolds number, the values of pressure drop, pumping power and Nusselt number augments, but friction factor diminishes.

Research limitations/implications

Data extracted from a recent experimental work were used to obtain thermo-physical properties of nanofluids.

Originality/value

The effects of temperature, microchannel cross-section shape, the volume concentration of nanoparticles and Reynolds number on thermal and hydraulics behavior of the nanofluid were investigated. Results are presented in terms of velocity, Nusselt number, pressure drop, friction loss and pumping power in various conditions. Validation of the model against previous papers showed satisfactory agreement.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Dr Iskander Tlili would like to thank Deanship of Scientific Research at Majmaah University for supporting this work under the Project Number No. 1440-70.

Dr Zhe Tian also would like to acknowledge NSFC (51709244), Taishan Scholar (tsqn201812025) and Fundamental Research for Central Universities (201941008) grants.

Conflict of Interests: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Citation

Goodarzi, M., Tlili, I., Tian, Z. and Safaei, M.R. (2020), "Efficiency assessment of using graphene nanoplatelets-silver/water nanofluids in microchannel heat sinks with different cross-sections for electronics cooling", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 30 No. 1, pp. 347-372. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-12-2018-0730

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited