Heat flow model based on lattice Boltzmann method for modeling of heat transfer during phase transformation

Łukasz Łach (Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland)
Dmytro Svyetlichnyy (Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland)
Robert Straka (Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 8 July 2019

Abstract

Purpose

A fundamental principle of materials engineering is that the microstructure of a material controls the properties. The phase transformation is an important phenomenon that determines the final microstructure. Recently, many analytical and numerical methods were used for modeling of phase transformation, but some limitations can be seen in relation to the choice of the shape of growing grains, introduction of varying grain growth rate and modeling of diffusion phenomena. There are also only few comprehensive studies that combine the final microstructure with the actual conditions of its formation. Therefore, the objective of the work is a development of a new hybrid model based on lattice Boltzmann method (LBM) and cellular automata (CA) for modeling of the diffusional phase transformations. The model has a modular structure and simulates three basic phenomena: carbon diffusion, heat flow and phase transformation. The purpose of this study is to develop a model of heat flow with consideration of enthalpy of transformation as one of the most important parts of the proposed new hybrid model. This is one of the stages in the development of the complex model, and the obtained results will be used in a combined solution of heat flow and carbon diffusion during the modeling of diffusion phase transformations.

Design/methodology/approach

Different values of overheating/overcooling affect different values in the enthalpy of transformation and thus the rate of transformation. CA and LBM are used in the hybrid model in part related to heat flow. LBM is used for modeling of heat flow, while CA is used for modeling of the microstructure evolution during the phase transformation.

Findings

The use of LBM and CA in one numerical solution creates completely new possibilities for modeling of phase transformations. CA and LBM in comparison with commonly used approaches significantly simplify interface and interaction between different parts of the model, which operates in a common domain. The CA can be used practically for all possible processes that consist of nucleation and grains growth. The advantages of the LBM method can be well used for the simulation of heat flow during the transformation, which is confirmed by numerical results.

Practical implications

The developed heat flow model will be combined with the carbon diffusion model at the next stage of work, and the new complex hybrid model at the final stage will provide new solutions in numerical simulation of phase transformations and will allow comprehensive modeling of the diffusional phase transformations in many processes. Heating, annealing and cooling can be considered.

Originality/value

The paper presents the developed model of heat flow (temperature module), which is one of the main parts of the new hybrid model devoted to modeling of phase transformation. The model takes into account the enthalpy of transformation, and the connection with the model of microstructure evolution was obtained.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Support of the Polish National Science Centre is greatly appreciated (grant no. 2016/21/D/ST8/01690).

Citation

Łach, Ł., Svyetlichnyy, D. and Straka, R. (2019), "Heat flow model based on lattice Boltzmann method for modeling of heat transfer during phase transformation", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 2255-2271. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-11-2018-0706

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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