The purpose of this paper is to describe the Lane–Emden equation by the fractal derivative and establish its variational principle by using the semi-inverse method. The variational principle is helpful to research the structure of the solution. The approximate analytical solution of the fractal Lane–Emden equation is obtained by the variational iteration method. The example illustrates that the suggested scheme is efficient and accurate for fractal models.
The author establishes the variational principle for fractal Lane–Emden equation, and its approximate analytical solution is obtained by the variational iteration method.
The variational iteration method is very fascinating in solving fractal differential equation.
The author first proposes the variational iteration method for solving fractal differential equation. The example shows the efficiency and accuracy of the proposed method. The variational iteration method is valid for other nonlinear fractal models as well.
Conflict of interest: This work does not have any conflicts of interest.
Wang, K. (2021), "Variational principle and its fractal approximate solution for fractal Lane-Emden equation", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 31 No. 7, pp. 2279-2287. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-09-2020-0552
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