The main purpose of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the transient aerodynamic characteristics of moving windshield wipers. In addition, this paper also strives to illustrate and clarify how the wiper motion impacts the airflow structure; the aerodynamic interaction of two wipers is also discussed.
A standard vehicle model proposed by the Motor Industry Research Association and a pair of simplified bone wipers are introduced, and a dynamic mesh technique and user-defined functions are used to achieve the wiper motion. Finite volume methods and large eddy simulation (LES) are used to simulate the transient airflow field. The simulation results are validated through the wind tunnel test.
The results obtained from the study are presented graphically, and pressure, velocity distributions, airflow structures, aerodynamic drag and lift force are shown. Significant influences of wiper motion on airflow structures are achieved. The maximum value of aerodynamic lift and drag force exists when wipers are rotating and there is a certain change rule. The aerodynamic lift and drag force when wipers are rotating downward is greater than when wipers are rotating upward, and the force when rotating upward is greater than that when steady. The aerodynamic lift and drag forces of the driver-side wiper is greater than those of the passenger-side wiper.
The LES method in combination with dynamic mesh technique to study the transient aerodynamic characteristics of windshield wipers is relatively new.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 50975083; Postdoctoral Fund of Central South University under Grant No. 205441; and National Key Research and Development Program of China under Grant No. 2017YFB1201103-02.
Chen, Z., Gu, Z. and Jiang, T. (2019), "Research on transient aerodynamic characteristics of windshield wipers of vehicles", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 29 No. 8, pp. 2870-2884. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-09-2018-0531
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