Two-phase natural convection flow of a dusty fluid

Sadia Siddiqa (Department of Mathematics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan)
M. Anwar Hossain (University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Suvash C Saha (School of Chemistry, Physics and Mechanical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 7 September 2015



The purpose of this paper is to conduct a detailed investigation of the two-dimensional natural convection flow of a dusty fluid. Therefore, the incompressible boundary layer flow of a two-phase particulate suspension is investigated numerically over a semi-infinite vertical flat plate. Comprehensive flow formations of the gas and particle phases are given in the boundary layer region. Primitive variable formulation is employed to convert the nondimensional governing equations into the non-conserved form. Three important two-phase mechanisms are discussed, namely, water-metal mixture, oil-metal mixture and air-metal mixture.


The full coupled nonlinear system of equations is solved using implicit two point finite difference method along the whole length of the plate.


The authors have presented numerical solution of the dusty boundary layer problem. Solutions obtained are depicted through the characteristic quantities, such as, wall shear stress coefficient, wall heat transfer coefficient, velocity distribution and temperature distribution for both phases. Results are interpreted for wide range of Prandtl number Pr (0.005-1,000.0). It is observed that thin boundary layer structures can be formed when mass concentration parameter or Prandtl number (e.g. oil-metal particle mixture) are high.


The results of the study may be of some interest to the researchers of the field of chemical engineers.



Siddiqa, S., Hossain, M.A. and Saha, S.C. (2015), "Two-phase natural convection flow of a dusty fluid", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 25 No. 7, pp. 1542-1556.

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