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Blood-based hybrid nanofluid flow through converging/diverging channel with multiple slips effect: a development of Jeffery-Hamel problem

Saeed Dinarvand (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran)
Hamza Berrehal (Department of Physics, Exact Science Faculty, Constantine 1 University, Constantine, Algeria)
Ioan Pop (Department of Mathematics, Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
Ali. J. Chamkha (Faculty of Engineering, Kuwait College of Science and Technology, Doha District, Kuwait)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 17 November 2022

Issue publication date: 20 January 2023

164

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to study and analyze the converging/diverging channel flow and heat transfer with the multiple slips effect, which is a development of the Jeffery–Hamel problem using the mass-based hybrid nanofluid algorithm. Whereas transferring biological liquid by arteries is a vital issue, mathematical modeling of hybrid nanofluid flow containing titanium dioxide and silver as nanoparticles and blood as base liquid through a converging/diverging duct, which can be a useful analysis for the fields of drug delivery, has been investigated.

Design/methodology/approach

The present approach is based on the Tiwari–Das nanofluid method. In this modeling, the volume fraction of nanoparticles is replaced with nanoparticles masses. The partial differential equations of the mass, momentum and energy conservations are changed to the system of ordinary differential equations through the similarity solution method. The final governing equations are solved by Runge–Kutta–Fehlberg procedure and shooting method.

Findings

The effect of emerging parameters on the temperature, the velocity, the Nusselt number and the skin friction have been analyzed by graphical and tabular reports. It is observed that the opposition to hybrid nanofluid flow in the attendance of particles of nonspherical shapes is more enhanced than those in the attendance of particles of spherical shapes. This issue demonstrates that the rheology of a hybrid nanofluid is dependent on the shape of particles. Besides, backflow regimes form in the divergent channel for high values of Reynolds number, m2 and a. Indeed, this modeling for the hybrid nanofluid can be useful in different technologies and industries such as biological ones. It is worth mentioning that the excellent achievement of the mass-based algorithm for heat transfer and hybrid nanofluid flow is the most important success of this study.

Originality/value

The main originality is related to the development of the Jeffery–Hamel problem using the mass-based hybrid nanofluid algorithm. This new mass-based method is a single-phase hybrid nanofluid approach that the inputs are masses of nanoparticles and base liquid. Besides, considering the multiple slips effect and also pure blood as base fluid in this problem are also new.

Keywords

Citation

Dinarvand, S., Berrehal, H., Pop, I. and Chamkha, A.J. (2023), "Blood-based hybrid nanofluid flow through converging/diverging channel with multiple slips effect: a development of Jeffery-Hamel problem", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 1144-1160. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-08-2022-0489

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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