Whether a fire can be initiated in an explosion accident depends on the explosion and deflagration process. In the methane-air explosion in a tunnel, the flame accelerates from the ignition point. However, where it begins to decelerate is not clear. The purpose of this paper is to examine the explosion overpressure, flow and flame propagation beyond the premixed area of methane-air in a tunnel.
The numerical simulation was used to study the explosion processes of methane-air mixtures in a tunnel. Based on the numerical simulation and its analysis, the explosion overpressure, flow and flame propagation rules beyond the premixed area were demonstrated for a methane-air explosion.
The peak overpressure of methane-air mixture explosion was observed to reach its maximum beyond the original premixed area of methane-air. The hazardous effects beyond the premixed area may be stronger than those within the premixed area for a methane-air explosion in a tunnel. Under the conditions of this study, the ratio between the length of combustion area (40 m) and that of original premixed area (28 m) reaches 1.43.
Little attention has been devoted to investigating the explosion overpressure, flow and flam propagations beyond the original premixed area of methane-air in a tunnel. Based on the numerical simulation and the analysis, the propagation rule of overpressure wave and flow inside and outside the space occupied by methane/air mixture at the volume fraction of 9.5 percent in a tunnel were obtained in this work.
The research presented in this paper was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (11372044) and Foundation for Doctor Dissertation of China (20111101110008).
Zhang, Q. and Ma, Q. (2014), "Pressure and flow propagation rule beyond original premixed area of methane-air in tunnel", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 24 No. 8, pp. 1626-1635. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-08-2013-0259
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