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An impact of ternary nanofluid on a micropolar fluid with inclined MHD, slip flow and heat transfer

U.S. Mahabaleshwar (Davangere University, Davangere, India)
Mahesh Rudraiah (Department of Mathematics, Davangere University, Davangere, India)
Huang Huang (Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan)
Bengt Ake Sunden (BS Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Angelholm, Sweden and Lund University, Lund, Sweden)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 26 March 2024

Issue publication date: 14 May 2024

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Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of inclined magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) and thermal radiation on the flow of a ternary micropolar nanofluid on a sheet that is expanding and contracting while applying mass transpiration and velocity slip conditions to the flow. The nanofluid, which is composed of Au, Ag and Cu nanoparticles dispersed in water as the base fluid, possesses critical properties for increasing the heat transfer rate and is frequently used in manufacturing and industrial establishments.

Design/methodology/approach

The set of governing nonlinear partial differential equations is transformed into a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The outcome of this differential equation is solved and obtained the closed-form solution and energy equation in the form of hypergeometric functions.

Findings

The velocity, micro-rotation and temperature field are investigated versus a parametric variation. The physical domains of mass suction or injection and micropolar characteristics play an important role in specifying the presence, singleness and multiplanes of exact solutions. In addition, many nondimensional characteristics of the profiles of temperature, angular velocity and velocity profiles are graphically shown with substantial consequences. Furthermore, adding nanoparticles increases the heat transfer rate of the fluid used in manufacturing and industrial establishments. The current findings may be used for better oil recovery procedures, smart materials such as magnetorheological fluids, targeted medicine administration and increased heat transmission. Concerning environmental cleanup, nanomaterial fabrication and biomedical devices, demonstrate their potential influence in a variety of disciplines.

Originality/value

The originality of this paper is to analyze the impact of inclined MHD at an angle with the ternary nanofluid on a micropolar fluid over an expanding and contracting sheet with thermal radiation effect.

Keywords

Citation

Mahabaleshwar, U.S., Rudraiah, M., Huang, H. and Sunden, B.A. (2024), "An impact of ternary nanofluid on a micropolar fluid with inclined MHD, slip flow and heat transfer", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 34 No. 5, pp. 2065-2093. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-07-2023-0384

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2024, Emerald Publishing Limited

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