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Light-driven mixing strategy inside a nanofluid droplet by asymmetrical Marangoni flow

Zhe Liu (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Hao Wei (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Li Chen (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Haihang Cui (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Bohua Sun (School of Civil Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 14 October 2022

Issue publication date: 20 January 2023

146

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to establish an effective numerical simulation method to describe the flow pattern and optimize the strategy of noncontact mixing induced by alternating Gaussian light inside a nanofluid droplet and analyzing the influencing factors and flow mechanism of fluid mixing inside a droplet.

Design/methodology/approach

First, the heat converted by the alternating incident Gaussian light acting on the nanoparticles was considered as the bulk heat source distribution, and the equilibrium equation between the surface tension and the viscous force at the upper boundary force was established; then, the numerical simulation methods for multiple-physical-field coupling was established, and the mixing index was used to quantify the mixing degree inside a droplet. The effects of the incident position of alternating Gaussian light and the height of the droplet on the mixing characteristics inside a droplet were studied. Finally, the nondimensional Marangoni number was used to reveal the flow mechanism of the internal mixing of the droplet.

Findings

Noncontact alternating Gaussian light can induce asymmetric vortex motion inside a nanofluid droplet. The incident position of alternating Gaussian light is a significant factor affecting the mixing degree in the droplet. In addition, the heat transfer caused by the surface tension gradient promotes the convection effect, which significantly enhances the mixing of the fluid in the droplet.

Originality/value

This study demonstrates the possibility of the chaotic mixing phenomenon induced by noncontact Gaussian light that occurs within a tiny droplet and provides a feasible method to achieve efficient mixing inside droplets at the microscale.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding statement: This work was supported by the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 2021ZDLSF05-04) and Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology (Grant No. 002/2040221134).

Ethics statement: This study does not contain any experiments involving human or animal participants.

Citation

Liu, Z., Wei, H., Chen, L., Cui, H. and Sun, B. (2023), "Light-driven mixing strategy inside a nanofluid droplet by asymmetrical Marangoni flow", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 1046-1061. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-07-2022-0446

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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