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Thermal analysis and entropy generation of magnetic Eyring-Powell nanofluid with viscous dissipation in a wavy asymmetric channel

M.M. Bhatti (College of Mathematics and Systems Science, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China)
Sadiq M. Sait (Center for Communications and IT Research, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)
R. Ellahi (Department of Mathematics and Statistics, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan and Center for Modeling and Computer Simulation, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia)
Mikhail A. Sheremet (Department of Theoretical Mechanics, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russian Federation)
Hakan Oztop (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Firat Universitesi, Elazig, Turkey)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 6 December 2022

34

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to deal with entropy generation and thermal analysis of magnetic hybrid nanofluid containing silver and gold as nanoparticles (Au-Ag/NPs) in the Eyring–Powell fluid.

Design/methodology/approach

The blood is used as a base fluid to study the rheological effects in a wavy asymmetric channel. The effect of viscous dissipation is also taken into account. The mathematical model is developed using the lubrication technique. The perturbation method is used to solve the nondimensional nonlinear differential equations, whereas the pumping properties have been analyzed using numerical integration.

Findings

The impact of entropy generation, Brinkman number, Hartmann number, nanoparticles volume fraction, thermal Grashof number, Brinkman number and Eyring–Powell fluid parameter is examined on the velocity profile, temperature profile and pumping characteristics. It is observed that the introduction of gold and silver nanoparticles boosts the velocity field in a smaller segment of the channel. The temperature profile rises for the increasing values of Hartmann number, Brinkman number and nanoparticle volume fractions while the temperature profile is restrained by the Eyring–Powell fluid parameter. The pumping rate rises in all sections as the thermal Grashof number and Hartmann number increase; however, the Eyring–Powell fluid parameter has the reverse effect. The volume of the trapping boluses is significantly affected by the Eyring–Powell fluid parameter, thermal Grashof number and fluid parameter.

Originality/value

The results are original and contribute to discover the role of hybrid nanoparticles under the influence of entropy generation viscous dissipation and magnetic fields. Pharmaceutical technology may use this research for things like better mucoadhesive drug delivery systems and more productive peristaltic micropumps.

Keywords

Citation

Bhatti, M.M., Sait, S.M., Ellahi, R., Sheremet, M.A. and Oztop, H. (2022), "Thermal analysis and entropy generation of magnetic Eyring-Powell nanofluid with viscous dissipation in a wavy asymmetric channel", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-07-2022-0420

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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