This study aims to introduce a three-hole cooling unit to improve downstream cooling performance by jet interaction and coalescence at a lower manufacture cost.
A new three-hole cooling unit is proposed. Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) simulation is performed in the present study. The CFD package ANSYS CFX is used to predict film-cooling effectiveness and flow fields.
The results show that, at pitch ratio P/D = 3, Case 4 configuration with a round hole upstream and two trenched holes downstream can obtain a high cooling performance at a lower manufacture cost, especially at the higher turbulence. Considering the effect of increased pitch ratio, Case 6 configurations of three staggered trenched holes show a superior downstream cooling performance than Case 4 configurations. Case 6 configurations have the potential of achieving a high cooling performance with a reduced number of holes and less coolant flow.
The application of these cooling units in the turbine passage will be conducted in the future. The more detailed flow field will be simulated by large eddy simulation in the following research.
The round and trenched cooling holes have been proved to be achievable in the manufacture. This combined three-hole cooling unit will give the opportunity to increase turbine inlet temperature further.
Both cooling performance and practical manufacture are taken into account. This cooling scheme will give a superior surface protection on the hot components.
Hou, R., Wen, F., Cui, T., Tang, X. and Wang, S. (2019), "Numerical investigation on the improved three-hole cooling unit with the trench", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 29 No. 3, pp. 890-914. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-06-2018-0344Download as .RIS
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