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Transient numerical investigation of a large-scale hydro-pneumatic suspension considering variations in check valve parameters and operational conditions

Sha Zhang (State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Chang Sha, China)
Zhengqi Gu (Hunan Province Cooperative Innovation Center for The Construction, Development of Dongting Lake Ecological Economic Zone, Changde, China)
Wenguang Wu (College of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, Changsha University of Science and Technology, Chang Sha, China)
Ledian Zheng (State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Chang Sha, China)
Jun Liu (State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Chang Sha, China)
Shanbin Yin (State Key Laboratory of Advanced Design and Manufacturing for Vehicle Body, Hunan University, Chang Sha, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 19 July 2019

Issue publication date: 16 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to develop a numerical model used for calculating the nonlinearities of large-scale hydro-pneumatic suspension (HPS) and investigating the effects of variations in flow path and operational parameter on suspension damping response.

Design/methodology/approach

To parameterization nonlinearities of the suspension, the author developed a two-phase flow model of a large-scale HPS based on computational fluid dynamics and volume of fluid method. Considerable effort was made to verify the nonlinearities by field measurements carried out on an off-highway mining dump truck. The investigation of effects of variations in flow path and operational parameter on damping characteristics highlights the necessity of the numerical simulation.

Findings

The two-phase flow model can represent the gas-oil interaction and simulate the suspension operational movement conveniently. Transient numerical simulation results can be used to model the nonlinearities of large-scale HPS accurately. A new phenomenon was discovered that the pressure in rebound chamber presents reduction trend during compression stroke in special cases. It has never been reported before.

Originality/value

Developed a two-phase flow model of a large-scale HPS, which can manage the gas-oil interaction and capture the complex flow field structure in it. The paper is the first study to model the nonlinearities of a large-scale HPS used in off-highway mining dump truck through transient numerical simulation. Compared with previous researches, such a research not only gives new insight and thorough understanding into the suspension internal fluid structure but also can give good guiding opinions to the optimal design of HPS.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the National High Technology Research and Development Program (Grant No.: 2012AA041805).

Citation

Zhang, S., Gu, Z., Wu, W., Zheng, L., Liu, J. and Yin, S. (2020), "Transient numerical investigation of a large-scale hydro-pneumatic suspension considering variations in check valve parameters and operational conditions", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 30 No. 4, pp. 1967-1990. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-06-2018-0343

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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