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Flow mechanism of Gaussian light-induced vortex motion inside a nanofluid droplet

Zhe Liu (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Zexiong Yu (School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Leilei Wang (School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Li Chen (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Haihang Cui (School of Building Services Science and Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)
Bohua Sun (School of Civil Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China and Institute of Mechanics and Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Article publication date: 7 September 2022

Issue publication date: 5 January 2023

111

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to use a weak light source with spatial distribution to realize light-driven fluid by adding high-absorbing nanoparticles to the droplets, thereby replacing a highly focused strong linear light source acting on pure droplets.

Design/methodology/approach

First, Fe3O4 nanoparticles with high light response characteristics were added to the droplets to prepare nanofluid droplets, and through the Gaussian light-driven flow experiment, the Marangoni effect inside a nanofluid droplet was studied, which can produce the surface tension gradient on the air/liquid interface and induce the vortex motion inside a droplet. Then, the numerical simulation method of multiphysics field coupling was used to study the effects of droplet height and Gaussian light distribution on the flow characteristics inside a droplet.

Findings

Nanoparticles can significantly enhance the light absorption, so that the Gaussian light is enough to drive the flow, and the formation of vortex can be regulated by light distribution. The multiphysics field coupling model can accurately describe this problem.

Originality/value

This study is helpful to understand the flow behavior and heat transfer phenomenon in optical microfluidic systems, and provides a feasible way to construct the rapid flow inside a tiny droplet by light.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Ethics statement: This article does not contain any studies involving human or animal participants.

Funding statement: This work was supported by the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province (Grant No. 2021ZDLSF05-04) and Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology (Grant No. 002/2040221134).

Citation

Liu, Z., Yu, Z., Wang, L., Chen, L., Cui, H. and Sun, B. (2023), "Flow mechanism of Gaussian light-induced vortex motion inside a nanofluid droplet", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 712-727. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-05-2022-0269

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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