The purpose of this study is to discuss the Darcy–Forchheimer nanoliquid bio-convection flow by stretching cylinder/plate with modified heat and mass fluxes, activation energy and gyrotactic motile microorganism features.
The proposed flow model is based on flow rate, temperature of nanomaterials, volume fraction of nanoparticles and gyrotactic motile microorganisms. Heat and mass transport of nanoliquid is captured by the usage of popular Buongiorno relation, which allows us to evaluate novel characteristics of thermophoresis diffusion and Brownian movement. Additionally, Wu’s slip (second-order slip) mechanisms with double stratification are incorporated. For numerical and graphical results, the built-in bvp4c technique in computational software MATLAB along with shooting technique is used.
The influence of key elements is illustrated pictorially. Velocity decays for higher magnitude of first- and second-order velocity slips and bioconvection Rayleigh number. The velocity of fluid has an inverse relation with mixed convection parameter and local inertia coefficient. Temperature field enhances with the increase in estimation of thermal stratification Biot number and radiation parameter. A similar situation for concentration field is observed for mixed convection parameter and concentration relaxation parameter. Microorganism concentration profile decreases for higher values of bioconvection Lewis number and Peclet number. A detail discussion is given to see how the graphical aspects justify the physical ones.
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, original research work is not yet available in existing literature.
Author Sadiq M. Sait acknowledges King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, for support.
Waqas, H., Imran, M., Muhammad, T., Sait, S.M. and Ellahi, R. (2021), "On bio-convection thermal radiation in Darcy – Forchheimer flow of nanofluid with gyrotactic motile microorganism under Wu’s slip over stretching cylinder/plate", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 31 No. 5, pp. 1520-1546. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-05-2020-0313
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