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Numerical simulation of a hypersonic flow past a blunt body

Yumeng Hu (Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China)
Haiming Huang (Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China)
Zimao Zhang (Institute of Engineering Mechanics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China)

International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow

ISSN: 0961-5539

Publication date: 5 June 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics of hypersonic flow past a blunt body.

Design/methodology/approach

The implicit finite volume schemes are derived from axisymmetric Navier–Stokes equations by means of AUSM+ and LU-SGS methods, and programmed in FORTRAN. Based on the verified result that a 2D axisymmetric chemical equilibrium flow has a good agreement with the literature, the characteristics of hypersonic flow past a sphere are simulated by using four different models which involve four factors, namely, viscous, inviscid, equilibrium and calorically perfect gas.

Findings

Compared with the calorically perfect gas under hypervelocity condition, the shock wave of the equilibrium gas is more close to the blunt body, gas density and pressure become bigger, but gas temperature is lower due to the effect of real gas. Viscous effects are not obvious in the calculations of the equilibrium gas or the calorically perfect gas. In a word, the model of equilibrium gas is more suitable for hypersonic flow and the calculation of viscous flow has a smaller error.

Originality/value

The computer codes are developed to simulate the characteristics of hypersonic flows, and this study will be helpful for the design of the thermal protection system in hypersonic vehicles.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11472037, 11272042 and 51506008).

Citation

Hu, Y., Huang, H. and Zhang, Z. (2017), "Numerical simulation of a hypersonic flow past a blunt body", International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 1351-1364. https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-05-2016-0187

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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